Originally Posted by ezone
Any oil that can get onto the exhaust can make quite a lot of smoke.
I don't think I have oil leaks, and it smelled more like burning rubber than burning oil. Also keep in mind the exhaust manifold had cooled down some before the smoke occurred, because I had been trying to restart it for about 15 or 20 minutes. I'll keep your idea in mind though...
I haven't found anything burned, melted, or charred, but obviously SOMETHING caught fire. I'm planning to look under the distributor cap and also maybe behind the timing belt cover (a nuisance to remove though). Where else should I look? Is there a risk of damaging the engine if I try to start it again?